- Cooking heater
- kitchen scale
- big stainless steel pot
- small saucepan with cover
- measuring jug or syringe 60 ml
- kitchen clamps
- cooking thermometer
PREPARING THE DYE BATH
CALCULATING THE AMOUNT OF WATER REQUIRED FOR THE DYE BATH
- Wet the item (fibers/yarns/fabrics) you are going to be dyeing if dry.
- Add them to a medium large pot.
- Gently fill the pot with cool water until they are completely soaked.
- Use a measuring jug to calculate the amount of pouring water.
- Check the balance between water and material. Water shall be just enough for the fibers/yarns/fabrics to be completely soaked without floating. Make sure to set enough space for them to move freely into the pot avoiding excess water.
- To make easier setting the amount of water required, pour small quantities in several times. Maybe be useful to write them down.
- Add up the quantities to measure the total amount of water filled into the pot.
- Remove now the item from the pot, squeezing out the excess water inside and temporary place it in a basin.
Please note that during the dyeing process it’s important to keep the fibers/yarns/fabrics below the liquid surface to let them evenly soak up the color. To avoid an excess of water is good to save water itself and to maximize the dyeing process
EXAMPLE: to dye 100 gr of material (fibers, yarns, fabrics) you need approx 1500 ml of total water for the dye bath, to dye 200 gr of material you need approx 2000 ml of total water for the dye bath, to dye 400 gr of material you need approx 3000 ml of total water for the dye bath
CALCULATING THE AMOUNT OF CONCENTRATED DYE
- To know how much concentrated dye to use, please refer to the dye colors dosing chart and choose the right percentage depending on the color intensity you want to achieve.
- Make the percentage based off to the amount of water required for the dye bath measured before.
- With a measuring jug remove from the pot the same amount of water of the concentrated dye recently calculated with the percentage.
- Shake well φhillacolor box before use and stir well the liquid dye.
- Use the measuring jug or syringe to measure the amount of product to be use.
- Poor the concentrated liquid dye into a small saucepan, cover with lid, heat to the temperature shown in the dye color dosing chart and keep it for few minutes.
EXAMPLE: to dye 100 gr of material with madder medium tone you need approx 1500 ml of water for the dye bath (total water), of which 75 ml of concentrated liquid dye (5% of total water as per the dye colors dosing chart) and 1425 ml of water; to dye 200 gr of material with madder medium tone you need approx 2000 ml of water for the dye bath (total water), of which 100 ml of concentrated liquid dye (5% of total water as per the dye colors dosing chart) and 1900 ml of water; to dye 400 gr of material with madder medium tone you need approx 3000 ml of water for the dye bath (total water), of which 150 ml of concentrated liquid dye (5% of total water as per the dye colors dosing chart) and 2850 ml of water.
- Heat the pot with water to the temperature shown in the dye color dosing chart.
- Pour the hot concentrated liquid dye into the water pot and stir well to dissolve it evenly.
- Keep the dyeing pot it at that temperature throughout the dye bath.
- Gently squeeze the damp fibers/yarns/fabrics you are going to dye to extract excess water (when possible rinse in the washer by running a cycle).
- Add them to the pot and leave them until you reach the desired color or follow the estimated time indicated in the “color dosing chart”.
- Rotating regularly to let them evenly soak up the color. For logwood, cochineal and turmeric, since they are rich colors, to get the most even coloring possible turn the fabric very often. If necessary (for logwood, cochineal and turmeric only) add some more hot water to the dye bath to let the material move more easily inside the pot.
- When you get the right color, take them out and let cool down. Remember, they will be lighter when they dry. Now the dyebath should look like very light (exhaust bath).
- For light and medium colors rinse immediately in cold water, do not use hot water; for dark colors dry first and rinse afterwards in cold water.
- Dry avoiding the sunlight.
- Dispose of the remaining water into sewers or in the garden.
There is usually some residual color remaining in the dyebath, to avoid waste you can recharge the bath with more color for new dyeing process. Once opened, we recommend keeping the jar in the fridge For your safety we suggest to wear heat resistant gloves during the making, to always keep separately the dyes stuff and the kitchen utensils and to keep kids and animals away from the working area. For easy cleaning of the working area, remove as fast as possible color spots.
1 teaspoon = approx 5 ml, 1 tablespoon = approx 15 ml